Sp&Hrg 803
Complex Systems in Neurobiology, Language, and Speech


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Reading Assignments
Listed according to date assigned.
The topics of the readings typically pertain to the topic of the following meeting.
Emailed comments are due by noon the day preceeding our next meeting.

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10
12
19
26
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12
19
26
2
9
23
30
7
14
21
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February -
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April -
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Introduction to Complex Systems
Complex Adaptive Systems
No Class
Information 1
Information 2
Dynamics of Complex Systems
Self-Organization and Criticality
Hierarchical Organization
Cellular Automata
More Dynamics of Complex Systems
No Class
Coordination Dynamics
Neural Design
Perception
Language
Presentation of Projects or Papers


Day 1
5 February 1998

Introduction to Complex Systems

Reading Assignment - To be discussed 10 Feb 98

Holland, J.H. 1995. Hidden order. How adaptation builds complexity. Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading MA, Chapter 1, pp. 1-40.

Gell-Mann, M. 1995. Complex adaptive systems. In: Eds. H.J. Morowitz, J.L. Singer, The mind, the brain, and complex adaptive systems. Proceedings volume XXII in the Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Addison-Wesley, Reading MA, pp. 11-23.

Gopnik, A. 1984. Conceptual and semantic change in scientists arand children: why there are no semantic universals. In: Eds. B. Butterworth, B. Comrie, Ö. Dahl, Explanations for language universals. Mouton, Berlin, pp. 163-179.

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Day 2
10 February 1998

Complex Adaptive Systems

Reading Assignment - Read the Hoftstader articles by 19 Feb 98

It is better to read them in the order listed.
Pattee's paper is insightful, but you may find it difficult. Do the best you can with it - it is not due this week.
Have emailed comments by NOON Wednesday 18 Feb 98


Hofstader, D.R. 1979. The location of meaning, In: Gödel, Escher, Bach: an eternal golden braid, Basic Books Inc, NY, pp. 158-176.

Hofstader, D.R. 1979. Ant fugue, In: Gödel, Escher, Bach: an eternal golden braid, , Basic Books Inc, NY, pp. 310-336.

Hofstader, D.R. 1979. Brains and thoughts, In: Gödel, Escher, Bach: an eternal golden braid, , Basic Books Inc, NY, pp. 337-365.

Pattee, H.H. 1997. The physics of symbols and the evolution of semiotic controls. To be published in: Proceedings volume in the Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Addison-Wesley, Redwood City CA. Available from
http://ssie.binghamton.edu/~pattee/semiotic.html

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Day 3
19 February 1998

Information 1

Reading Assignment - Read the articles by 26 Feb 98

We didn't get quite far enough for Gatlin's discussion of D1, D2, and Redundancy to make much sense so we will discuss Gatlin the following week.
Have emailed comments by NOON Wednesday 25 Feb 98



Gatlin, L.L. 1972. Information Theory and the Living System. Columbia University Press, NY. Chapter 5, pp. 107-116.

Holland, J.H. 1995. Hidden order. How adaptation builds complexity. Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading MA, Chapter 2, pp. 41-91.

Pattee, H.H. 1997. The physics of symbols and the evolution of semiotic controls. To be published in: Proceedings volume in the Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Addison-Wesley, Redwood City CA. Available from
http://ssie.binghamton.edu/~pattee/semiotic.html

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Day 4
26 February 1998

Information 2

Reading Assignment - Read the articles by 5 March 98

Deneuborg, J.J. and Goss S. 1989. Collective patterns and decision making, Ethology Ecology and Evolution, 1:292-311.

Gatlin, L.L. 1972. Information Theory and the Living System. Columbia University Press, NY. Chapter 5, pp. 107-116.

Schroeder, M. 1991. Fractals, Chaos, Power Laws: Minutes from an Infinite Paradise, W.H. Freeman and Co. pp: 1-25.

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Day 5
5 March 1998

Dynamics of Complex Systems

Reading Assignment - Read the articles by 11 March 98

Gardner, Martin. 1978. Mathematical Games: White and brown music, fractal curves and one-over-f fluctuations, Scientific American, April 1978, 238:16-32.

Bak, Per, and Chen, Kan. 1991. Self-organized criticality, Scientific American, January 1991, pp. 46-53.

Bak, Per. 1996, How Nature Works, Copernicus: Springer-Verlag, NY, Chapter 1, pp. 1-32.

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Day 6
12 March 1998

Self-Organized Criticality

Reading Assignment - Read the articles by 26 Feb 98

Pattee, H.H. 1970. The problem of biological hierarchy, In "Towards a Theoretical Biology Vol. 3, Ed. C.H. Waddington, International Union of Biological Sciences and Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Pattee, H.H. 1991. Measurement-Control heterarchical networks in living systems, Int. J. General Systems, 18:213-221.

Waltho, N. and Kolasa, J. 1994. Organization of instabilities in multispecies systems, a test of hierarchy theory, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA , 91:1682-1685.

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Day 7
19 March 1998

Hierarchical Organization

Reading Assignment 7 - Read the articles by 26 March 98
Have emailed comments by NOON Wednesday 25 March 98

Gardner, Martin. 1970. Mathematical Games: The fantastic combinations of John Conway's new solitaire game "life", Scientific American, Oct. 1970, pp.120-123.

Gardner, Martin. 1971. Mathematical Games: On cellular automata, self-reproduction, the Garden of Eden and the game of "life", Scientific American, Feb. 1971, pp.112-117.

Schroeder, M. 1991. Cellular Automata. Chapter 17 in: Fractals, Chaos, Power Laws: Minutes from an Infinite Paradise, W.H. Freeman and Co. pp: 371-390.

Bak, P., Chen, K. and Creutz, M. 1989. Self-organized criticality in the 'Game of Life', Nature, 342:780-782.

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Day 8
26 March 1998

Cellular Automata

Reading Assignment 8 - Read the articles by 2 April 98
Have emailed comments by NOON Wednesday 1 April 98

Abraham, Ralph H. and Shaw, Christopher D. 1992. Basic concepts of dynamics, Chapter 1 in: Dynamics: The Geometry of Behavior, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, Redwood City CA, pp. 13-51.

Abraham, Ralph H. and Shaw, Christopher D. 1992. Classical applications, Chapter 2 in: Dynamics: The Geometry of Behavior, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, Redwood City CA, pp. 53-85.

Zeeman, E.C. 1976. Catastrophe theory, Scientific American, 4:65-83.

Zeeman, E.C. A catastrophe machine, Appendix in "Towards a Theoretical Biology Vol. 4", Ed. C.H. Waddington, International Union of Biological Sciences and Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp. 276-282.

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Day 9
2 April 1998

More Dynamics of Complex Systems

Reading Assignment 9 - Read the articles by 23 April 98
Have emailed comments by NOON Wednesday 22 April 98

Kelso, J.A. Scott. 1995. How nature handles complexity, Chapter 1 in: Dynamic patterns. The self-organization of brain and behavior. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 1-28.

Kelso, J.A. Scott. 1995. Self-organization of behavior: The basic picture, Chapter 2 in: Dynamic patterns. The self-organization of brain and behavior. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 29-67.

Abraham, Ralph H. and Shaw, Christopher D. 1992. Part of: Chaotic Behavior, Sections 8.3-8.4 in: Dynamics: The Geometry of Behavior, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, Redwood City CA, pp. 283-294.

Abraham, Ralph H. and Shaw, Christopher D. 1992. Attributes of Chaos, Chapter 9 in: Dynamics: The Geometry of Behavior, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, Redwood City CA, pp. 295-329.


If you have time you can look these over again:

Abraham, Ralph H. and Shaw, Christopher D. 1992. Basic concepts of dynamics, Chapter 1 in: Dynamics: The Geometry of Behavior, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, Redwood City CA, pp. 13-51.

Abraham, Ralph H. and Shaw, Christopher D. 1992. Classical applications, Chapter 2 in: Dynamics: The Geometry of Behavior, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, Redwood City CA, pp. 53-85.

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Day 10
23 April 1998

Coordination Dynamics

Reading Assignment 10 - Read the articles by 30 April 98
Have emailed comments by NOON Wednesday 29 April 98

Kelso, J.A. Scott. 1995. Self-organizing dynamics of the nervous system, Chapter 8 in: Dynamic patterns. The self-organization of brain and behavior. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 227-255.

Kelso, J.A. Scott. 1995. Self-organization of the human brain, Chapter 9 in: Dynamic patterns. The self-organization of brain and behavior. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 257-283.

Strogatz, Steven H. and Stewart, Ian. 1993. Coupled oscillators and biological synchronization, Scientific American, Dec. 1993, pp. 102-109.

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Day 11
30 April 1998

Neural Design

Reading Assignment 11 - Read the articles by 7 May 98
Have emailed comments by NOON Wednesday 6 May 98

Kelso, J.A. Scott. 1995. Perceptual dynamics, Chapter 7 in: Dynamic patterns. The self-organization of brain and behavior. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 187-225.

Freeman, Walter J. 1991. The physiology of perception, Scientific American, Feb. 1991, pp. 78-85.

Optional:
Kelso, J.A. Scott. 1994. The informational character of self-organized coordination dynamics. Human Movement Science, 13:393-413.

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Day 12
7 May 1998

Perception

Reading Assignment 12 - Read the articles by 14 May 98
Have emailed comments by NOON Wednesday 13 May 98

Kauffman, Stuart. 1995. High-country adventures, Chapter 8 in: At home in the universe. The search for laws of self-organization and complexity, Oxford University Press, NY, pp. 149-189.

Hurford, James R. 1992. An approach to the phylogeny of the language faculty, in: The evolution of human languages, Eds: J.A. Hawkins, M. Gell-Mann, Addison-Wesley, pp.273-303.

Pinker, Steven and Bloom, Paul. 1990. Natural language and natural selection, Behavioral and brain sciences, 13:707-727.

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Day 13
14 May 1998

Language

No Readings Assigned this week
Last Meeting before Project Presentation.

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